Your rights as a tenant in Nigeria
Not many of us know this but, yep! Tenants have just as much rights as landlords in Nigeria. Unfortunately because most tenants do not know these landlords treat them without respect and run the show like it’s an “oga and boy boy” relationship. After reading and hearing about many instances of unfair treatment of tenants I thought it would be a good idea to shade some light of what the rights of tenants are in Nigeria.
Tenants rights are the obligation or responsibility of the landlord to the tenants they should be spelt out clearly in the tenancy or lease agreement but the true situation in Nigeria is that in 70 per cent of rentals no tenancy or lease agreement are sighted or signed. The good news however is that wether the landlord provides the tenant with a physical tenancy agreement or not in the eye of the law both parties are entering into a contract and are both bound by the term and condition of the Nigerian rental act. So for people out there who have never seen a tenancy agreement before or are not sure of what their right are in the agreement here is an extract from the Nigerian tenancy act.
“Tenants rights are the obligation or responsibility of the landlord to the tenants they should be spelt out clearly in the tenancy or lease agreement”
3. Extract From the Lagos Tenancy Agreement
3.1 The Landlord hereby covenants with the Tenant (subject to the payment by the Tenant of all the rents and other sums payable hereunder and provided that the Tenant has complied with all the covenants and obligations on the part of the Tenant to be performed and observed) as follows:
3.1.1 To keep the Demised Premises structurally sound air and watertight and the exterior of the Demised Premises in good and tenantable repair and condition.
3.1.2 That the Tenant paying the rents hereby reserved and observing and performing the several covenants and stipulations herein on the part of the Tenant contained shall peaceably and quietly hold and enjoy the Demised Premises throughout the Term without any interruption by the Landlord or any person rightfully claiming under or in trust for the Landlord.
It is important that you get your hands on a copy and have a read so you know where you stand in your relationship with your landlord. If you are having difficulties understanding the legal terms in the agreement seek professional advice.